Fact or Myth? Islamic Finance is More Expensive than Conventional Home Loans
Understanding the Differences Between Islamic Finance vs. Conventional Loan
There is a belief that Islamic finance is more expensive than conventional home loans. In the past, this once held true; however, it has been relegated to a myth in recent years as Islamic financing has become relatively cheaper. Islamic home financing is now competitively priced to a traditional mortgage.
Many home buyers just don’t understand or know enough about Islamic finance to reach such a conclusion. Here are some key points that highlight the cost-effective nature of Islamic home finance and disprove the myth that it is more expensive than conventional home loans.
What Is an Islamic Mortgage?
First, it is important to understand the terminology. An Islamic mortgage is not a conventional mortgage loan — it is based on an entirely different foundation.
A home may be financed in several ways under Islamic law. The most popular model of Islamic home finance in America is a form of co-ownership, in which the home buyer and the financing company agree to invest in a property and buy a home together. The home buyer gradually buys out the financier’s stake in the property, while paying a fee to use the part of the property still owned by the financier. Unlike a conventional mortgage, this is an asset-backed transaction.
What Is a Conventional Loan?
A traditional mortgage involves essentially buying money for more money. A bank or other lender has nothing to do with the home itself, so there is no asset involved. Instead, the financier allows the homeowner to use a certain amount of money in return for a promise to pay interest (in other words, more money) later. This model creates an uneven and unequal relationship, in which the lender holds all of the power and profits from the buyer’s needs.
Fact: Interest is Avoided in Islamic Finance
Islamic financing prohibits riba or interest. In Shariah-compliant home financing, the home buyer does not pay riba or interest to the finance company as he or she does when financing with a conventional home loan. Thus, in the event of a default, Shariah-compliant home financing agreements protect the buyer from having to pay compounded interest that results in a price greater than the original sale price of the house.
Fact: Conventional Loans Have More Financial Risks
Conventional loans place all of the risk on the home buyer. If you can no longer pay and your home goes into foreclosure, you are responsible for the full cost of the home plus many more fees. Similarly, in the case of a natural disaster or eminent domain (which is when the government seizes part or all of a property for public use), losses are yours to bear alone. In contrast, under Guidance Residential’s co-ownership program, the risks are shared.
Islamic Finance Does Not Compound Fees
Islamic financing does not compound late payment or prepayment fees. Islamic finance providers aim to keep the entire home financing process Shariah-compliant, and therefore, will not compound late payment fees like conventional home loan providers sometimes do. Instead, Islamic financiers charge a fixed fee that covers the late payment fee expense and does not serve as a means for profit. Additionally, conventional home loan providers sometimes charge a prepayment penalty to buyers who want to pay ahead of the agreed timelines, while Islamic finance providers do not.
Minimizing Financial Risk With Islamic Home Financing
Islamic financing shares the risk with the buyer. One of the unique components of Islamic finance is the co-owner or partnership program. Islamic financing providers share the risks with the buyer since they act as a co-owner or partner. In the case of a foreclosure, for example, Islamic financing providers do not receive more than the sale price of the house, whereas the lender in a traditional mortgage will expect to be paid in full regardless of the price the home ultimately sells for.
Conventional home loan providers also do not share the risk of natural disasters, eminent domain or foreclosure. Through this type of financing, the home buyer bears the brunt if any of these misfortunes occur. Islamic home financing offers greater protection for the homeowner.
Islamic Home Financing is Competitively Priced
While Islamic home financing offers multiple advantages over a traditional home loan, the costs are comparable. Islamic home financing once came at a higher price compared to a traditional mortgage, but this is no longer the case.
What Do Islamic Financing Rates Look Like in the United States?
As the Islamic home finance industry has grown in the United States, Islamic financiers have been able to lower the cost so it is now comparable to the interest rates used for a traditional mortgage. In fact, Islamic home financiers typically benchmark their rates with the current mortgage rates in the United States. This helps consumers compare their options, and it helps government regulators ensure that the financier is following regulations in the services it is providing.
How Does This Differ From Riba?
Some people misunderstand the external resemblance between mortgage rates and Islamic financing rates to mean that sharia compliant mortgages are just riba under a different name. However, this is not the case, as Islamic mortgages are a completely different product.
Under the surface resemblance, an Islamic home financing contract is built upon a different foundation from a traditional mortgage loan, and that makes all the difference. Islamic financing is not riba, as no loan is involved. Guidance Residential’s independent Shariah Board has examined this method of calculating a profit and found it to be completely Shariah-compliant.
The end result is that Islamic home finance is now competitively priced compared to conventional home financing. It has become an affordable option for those who wish to achieve homeownership without compromising their beliefs.
To find out about current rates, visit the Guidance Residential rates page.
What Does the Monthly Payment Consist Of?
At Guidance Residential, monthly payments consist of two portions that are combined into one. The first portion goes toward buying Guidance’s share of the property. The other portion compensates Guidance for the homeowner’s use of the financier’s portion of the property. In this way, the homeowner retains full and exclusive rights to use the property while gradually increasing the share they own until have fully paid off the home and own it outright.
What Up-Front Expenses Should I Expect When Buying a Home?
No matter how you finance a home, the financial commitment will be similar. The largest up-front cost is the down payment. In Islamic financing, the home buyer and the financier purchase the home together, each owning a portion of the home corresponding to the proportion each party contributes.
Ideally, the home buyer pays a down payment of 20 percent or more of the home’s purchase price. For a $300,000 home, this would mean a down payment of $60,000. Guidance Residential, however, may permit the home buyer to contribute as little as 5 percent of the purchase price, or $15,000 on that $300,000 home. For first-time home buyers, there are programs available that accept as little as 3 percent down.
In addition to the down payment, the buyer is responsible to pay closing costs at the home’s closing. This covers property taxes, home appraisal fees, homeowner’s insurance and mortgage insurance, and fees for other professionals who performed services for your transaction.
Closing costs typically equal 3 percent to 5 percent of the amount you are financing. For that $300,000 home, if you are financing $240,000 after your down payment, your closing costs could be $7,200 to $12,000.
Research Before Making Your Decision
It is essential to always do research before moving forward with any home financing provider so that you are prepared to make the best decision that aligns with your values and accomplishes your goals. Take a moment to review Guidance Residential’s home financing rates and contact us to get started today.
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Originally published in 2017, updated October 2023.